St. Margaret’s Chapel Edinburgh Castle

St. Margaret’s Chapel Edinburgh Castle
La Capilla de Sta. Margarita en el castillo de Edimburgo

St. Margaret’s Chapel

Built on the highest point of Castle Rock, St. Margaret’s Chapel dominates Edinburgh Castle and the city below. This small unassuming Chapel, with an internal width of 3 metres and a 4.8-metre-long nave, is Edinburgh’s oldest building.  

King David I (1124-1153) had the Chapel built in about 1130 and dedicated it to his mother, Queen Margaret. It is a simple rectangular stone construction, with an entrance door near the back of the nave, and a round chancel arch decorated with chevron mouldings. The arch leads to the small apsed sanctuary. The ornate arch and three of the walls are original. The walls are 61 centimetre thick.

St. Margaret’s Chapel is redolent of earlier Celtic Chapels in Scotland and Ireland. However, the style is Romanesque, as evidenced by the round-headed windows and the round arch.

This Chapel is still standing after some brutal historical events. When the Earl of Moray captured Edinburgh Castle from the English in 1314, King Robert the Bruce had it demolished to prevent it falling onto English hands again. However, St. Margaret’s Chapel was spared. Before he died, Robert the Bruce gave orders for the Chapel to be repaired.

The Chapel was virtually forgotten after the Reformation in the 16th century. It was also used to store gunpowder. Restoration work began in the 1850s. The stained-glass windows, which depict Scottish saints, were installed in the 1920s. the Chapel was rededicated in 1934. It is still used for religious services, like baptisms or weddings. The St. Margaret’s Chapel Guild ensures that there are always fresh flowers.

La capilla de Santa Margarita

La capilla de Sta. Margarita domina el paisaje desde el punto más alto del Castillo de Edimburgo. Esta pequeña capilla, de solo 3 metros de ancho interior y una nave de 4,8 metros de largo, es la construcción más antigua de la ciudad.

El rey David I (1124-1153) mandó a construir la capilla en 1130 dedicada la memoria de su madre, la reina Margarita. Es una construcción rectangular de piedra, con una entrada en la parte posterior de la nave y un arco decorado con motivos angulares. El arco separa el ábside de la nave. El arco triunfal y tres de las paredes son originales. Estas tienen un espesor de 61 centimetros.

Si bien la capilla tiene características parecias a capillas celtas de Escocia e Irlanda, su estilo es románico, como lo indican las ventanas redondeadas y el arco triunfal.

La capilla soportó varios eventos históricos violentos. Cuando el conde de Moray recapturó el Castillo de Edimburgo en poder de los ingleses en 1314, el rey Robert the Bruce lo mandó a demolir para evitar que volviera a caer en manos inglesas. Si embargo, ordenó conservar la capilla. Antes de morir, ordenó que fuera restaurada.

La capilla cayó en el abandono luego de la Reforma Protestante del siglo XVI. Incluso, se la utilizó como polvorín. Los trabajos de restauración comenzaron en la década de 1850. Los vitrales con santos escoceses son de la década de 1920. La capilla fue vuelta a consagrar en 1934. Todavía se usa para servicios relgiosos como bautismos o casamientos. La Cofradía de la Capilla de Sta. Margarita se ocupa de que simpre haya flores frescas.

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St. Margaret's Chapel  Edinburgh Castle
La Capilla de Sta. Margarita en la castillo de Edimburgo 
#Edinburg #Castle #Scotland #Escocia #viajar #travel

Who was St. Margaret?

Although born in exiled in Hungary in 1045, Margaret of Wessex was an English princess, sister to Edgar Ætheling, claimant to the throne of England. Her family returned to England when she was ten but had to flee after the Norman invasion of 1066.

Their ship, headed to the Continent, was blown off course and ended up in Scotland. King Malcolm put the family under his protection. He eventually fell in love with and married Margaret in 1070.

Margaret was a devoted catholic. She exerted her influence on her husband, who was not vey religious. Queen Margaret promoted the arts and education, advocated religious reform in Scotland and founded several churches. She fed the poor and nursed the sick.

Pope Innocent IV canonized Margaret in 1250 for her life of holiness and reform of the Church.

Saint Margaret is the patron saint of Scotland and her feast day is 16 November. Incidentally, my mother-in-law’s name was Margaret, and she was Scottish.    

¿Quién fué Sta. Margarita?

Si bien nació en el exilio en Hungría, Margarita de Wessex era una princesa inglesa hermana de Edgar Atheling, pretendiente al trono de Inglaterra. Su familia volvió cuando ella tenía diez años, pero debieron escapar de los invasores normandos en 1066.

Su barco se dirigía al continente, pero una tormenta lo desvió a las costas escocesas. El rey Malcolm los puso bajo su protección. Con el tiempo, se enamoró y casó con Margarita en 1070.

Margarita era muy devota y su influencia suavizó el carácter y las decisiones de su marido. Promovió las artes y la educación, abogó por la reforma religiosa en Escocia y fundó varias iglesias. Hizo también muchas obras de caridad.

El papa Inoncencio IV canonizó a Margarita de Escocia en 1250 por sus obras de caridad y la reforma de la iglesia.

Sta. Margarita es la patrona de Escocia y su santo se celebra el 16 de noviembre. Mi suegra era escocesa y se llamaba justamente Margaret.

St. Margaret's Chapel  Edinburgh Castle
La Capilla de Sta. Margarita en la castillo de Edimburgo 
#Edinburg #Castle #Scotland #Escocia #viajar #travel

Edinburgh Castle

The igneous rock intrusion known as Castle Rock that looks over Edinburgh has always played a defensive role, from a fortress in Roman times to royal residence in the Middle Ages. King David I built some of the remarkable buildings in 1130 that are still standing.

The English captured and destroyed the castle a few times, but the Scots always reclaimed and rebuilt it. The castle was the scene of sieges and battles. As a royal residence, it is where Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to her son James IV of Scotland and later, James I of England. The castle withstood the Jacobite rebellions in the 18th century.

Nowadays, Edinburgh Castle serves as a military station, is home to the Scottish National War Memorial and of the Crown Jewels (the Honours of Scotland). The Stone of Destiny, also known as the Stone of Scone, where Scottish kings were crowned, has been on display since 1996, when it was returned from Westminster Abbey. I have been immensely lucky to have seen the Stone in both places.

Edinburgh Castle is part of the Old and New Towns of Edinburgh UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

El Castillo de Edimburgo

La formación de roca ígnea conocida como Castle Rock que ese eleva sobre Edimgburgo siempre cumplió un papel defensivo, tanto como fortaleza romana o residencia real medieval. El rey David I construyó en 1130 algunos de los edificios majestuosos todavía en pie.

Las fuerzas inglesas capturaron y destruyeron el castillo varias veces pero los escoceses siempre lo recuperaron y lo arreglaron. El castillo fue escena no solo de batallas sino de asedios. Como residencia real, fue donde la reina María Estuardo dio a luz a su hijo Jacobo IV de Escocia y I de Inglaterra. Tambié soportó las rebeliones jacobitas del siglo XVIII.

Hoy en día, el Castillo de Edimburgo cumple funciones militares, alberga el Monumento Nacional de Guerra y las joyas de la Corona, u Honores de Escocia y la Piedra del Destino (Stone of Scone), donde eran coronados los monarcas escoceses. La Piedra del Destino estuvo en la Abadía de Westminster hasta 1996, cuando fue devuelta a donde pertenece. Tuve la gran suerte de verla en ambos lugares.

El Castillo de Edimburgo forma parte del grupo Old and New Towns of Edinburgh, declarado Patrimonio Histórico de la Humanidad por la UNESCO.

St. Margaret's Chapel  Edinburgh Castle
La Capilla de Sta. Margarita en la castillo de Edimburgo 
#Edinburg #Castle #Scotland #Escocia #viajar #travel

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St. Margaret's Chapel  Edinburgh Castle
La Capilla de Sta. Margarita en la castillo de Edimburgo 
#Edinburg #Castle #Scotland #Escocia #viajar #travel

A virtual tour of 7 amazing medieval castles

I present you a virtual tour of seven castles. The castles I chose are mainly medieval, or of medieval origins, except one.

Following the 6 cathedrals in 6 days series, I present you a virtual tour of seven castles.

The castles I chose are mainly medieval, or of medieval origins, except one. Some were converted to museums, some are just ruins and one is a private residence as well as tourist attraction.

All of my castles have fascinating stories. Let’s visit them (virtually, of course)

Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England

Built in the late 11th century, Arundel has been the seat of the dukes of Norfolk for over 850 years. The oldest bit is the gatehouse, built in 1070.  Read more about my visit here.

Guildford Castle, Surrey, England

There’s little left of Guildford Castle: the Great Tower, sections of wall, the moat. However, it’s one of my favourite places to visit in Guildford. This castle dates back to the Norman Conquest, its has seen a lot!

Mont Orgueil (Gorey Castle), Gorey, Jersey, Channel Islands

I absolutely loved the views from the castle and of the castle. I used to take long walks here when we lived in JerseyGorey Castle, also called Mont Orgueil, is located on the cliffs above the fishing village of Gorey. The castle was built from 1204 onward, when King John of England lost his lands in Normandy.

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey

Not a castle, but a palace. I really enjoy the visit.It opened my eyes to a different culture and a different way of life, albeit one that is no more. Topkapi (1459) was the sultans’ residence until the late 1600s, when they favoured their palaces along the Bosphorus.

Castle of the Moors, Sintra, Portugal

The Castelo dos Mouros is a witness to the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula at the hands of the Muslims in the 8th century. The castle is from the 8th and 9th centuries and is strategically located on top of a hill. So much fascinating history between the walls here!

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

Leeds was the first castle I visited with Sean. It was in 2002. We were on our way back from Dover and the castle happened to be on the way, near the M20. Leeds Castle was built on two islands on the River Len. It went from being the wooden structure of a Saxon leader to being a Norman stone fortress in the XII century.

Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland

Edinburgh Castle’s history as a fortification begins in the Iron Age. It was the scene of the Scottish independence struggle in the 13th and 14th centuries. Edinburgh Castle was also a royal residence. It commands incredible views from the top of hill. Absolutely breathtaking.

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